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essay question

As African Americans attempted to assert and claim their citizenship and civil rights, they experienced violent backlash from whites who embraced white supremacist ideologies. Some of these African Americans had migrated to urban centers where whites sought to keep them segregated in all-black neighborhoods. Between the years 1900 to 1923, racial conflicts and race riots took place in cities across the nation as more blacks moved to cities overwhelmingly populated by whites.

List the cities where major race riots took place from 1900 to 1923 and explain what the geographical distribution of the race riots tells us about race relations in the United States during this period. Overall, despite the unique circumstances of each riot, what common reasons did whites cite to justify their attacks on Blacks? How did blacks respond to the racial violence and animus aimed at them during this period?

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